On the Unbalanced and Backward Education for Senior Maritime Professionals in China
Solomon Yang-Hong CHEN
［文摘］历经数十年被热烈讨论的航海高级人才教育问题，数十年后，仍不失本色地继续被热烈讨论着。究其本末，还是在于缺乏有远见、有魄力的海事教育与人才培育政策定位，以及市场兴衰和航运及造船科技的交互影响。因此航海高级人才教育也不得不在失衡与滞后的情况下举步维艰地度过。本文主要围绕在“船多人少”与“船少人多”二个失衡状况下，船员、航运市场、培训体系三者间的拉锯与推衍、相生相变的情况，并从中国大陆与中国台湾二方面，试图思考这二大国际航运实体未来航海高级人才教育应走的方向。［Abstract］The question of education for senior maritime professionals continues to be a hot topic of discussion because the education of senior maritime professionals has been conducted in a backward and unbalanced manner year after year. This is due to the absence of a far-sighted maritime education and personnel training policy, in addition to the interactions between market fluctuations and shipping technology. This article focuses on the relationship among seafarers, the shipping market and the existing training system under two unbalanced circumstances: “excess seafarer labor supply relative to demand for ships” and “shortage of seafarer labor supply relative to demand for ships”. The article then reflects on the direction that the two major international shipping entities, China Mainland and China Taiwan, should take for the training of future senior maritime professionals.