Presenilins and gamma-secretase inhibitors affect intracellular trafficking and cell surface localization of the gamma-secretase complex components
Luo, W. J.
Zhang, Y. W.
Li, Y. M.
- 生物医学－已发表论文 
The intramembranous cleavage of Alzheimer beta-amyloid precursor protein and the signaling receptor Notch is mediated by the presenilin (PS, PS1/PS2)-gamma-secretase complex, the components of which also include nicastrin, APH-1, and PEN-2. In addition to its essential role in gamma-secretase activity, we and others have reported that PS1 plays a role in intracellular trafficking of select membrane proteins including nicastrin. Here we examined the fate of PEN-2 in the absence of PS expression or gamma-secretase activity. We found that PEN-2 is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum and has a much shorter half-life in PS-deficient cells than in wild type cells, suggesting that PSs are required for maintaining the stability and proper subcellular trafficking of PEN-2. However, the function of PS in PEN-2 trafficking is distinct from its contribution to gamma-secretase activity because inhibition of gamma-secretase activity by gamma-secretase inhibitors did not affect the PEN-2 level or its egress from the endoplasmic reticulum. Instead, membrane-permeable gamma-secretase inhibitors, but not a membrane-impermeable derivative, markedly increased the cell surface levels of PS1 and PEN-2 without affecting that of nicastrin. In support of its role in PEN-2 trafficking, PS1 was also required for the gamma-secretase inhibitor-induced plasma membrane accumulation of PEN-2. We further showed that gamma-secretase inhibitors specifically accelerated the Golgi to the cell surface transport of PS1 and PEN-2. Taken together, we demonstrate an essential role for PSs in intracellular trafficking of the gamma-secretase components, and that selective gamma-secretase inhibitors differentially affect the trafficking of the gamma-secretase components, which may contribute to an inactivation of gamma-secretase.