Calcineurin enhances MAPK phosphatase-1 expression and p38 MAPK inactivation in cardiac myocytes
Lim, H. W.
Han, J. H.
Molkentin, J. D.
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
Multiple intracellular signaling pathways have been shown to regulate the hypertrophic growth of cardiac myocytes including mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and calcineurin-nuclear factor of activated T-cells. However, it is uncertain if individual regulatory pathways operate in isolation or if interconnectivity between unrelated pathways is required for the orchestration of the entire hypertrophic response. To this end, we investigated the interconnectivity between calcineurin-mediated cardiac myocyte hypertrophy and p38 MAPK signaling in vitro and in vivo. We show that calcineurin promotes down-regulation of p38 MAPK activity and enhances expression of the dual specificity phosphatase MAPK phosphatase-1 (MKP-1). Transgenic mice expressing activated calcineurin in the heart were characterized by inactivation of p38 and increased MKP-1 expression during early postnatal development, before the onset of cardiac hypertrophy, In vitro, cultured neonatal cardiomyocytes infected with a calcineurin-expressing adenovirus and stimulated with phenylephrine demonstrated reduced p38 phosphorylation and increased MKP-1 protein levels. Activation of endogenous calcineurin with the calcium ionophore A23187 decreased p38 phosphorylation and increased MKP-1 protein levels. Inhibition of endogenous calcineurin with cyclosporin A decreased MKP-1 protein levels and increased p38 activation in response to agonist stimulation. To further investigate potential cross-talk between calcineurin and p38 through alteration in MKP-1 expression, the MKP-1 promoter was characterized and determined to be calcineurin-responsive. These data suggest that calcineurin enhances MKP-1 expression in cardiac myocytes, which is associated with p38 inactivation.