Estrogen receptor inhibits c-Jun-dependent stress-induced cell death by binding and modifying c-Jun activity in human breast cancer cells
Qi, X. M.
Schultz, R. M.
Han, J. H.
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
c-Jun, a major component of the AP-1 transcription factor, is either pro- or anti-apoptotic with cellular determinants unknown. Nuclear estrogen receptor (ER), on the other hand, regulates gene expression through both estrogen response elements and AP-1. Here we show that stress stimulates c-Jun phosphorylation and AP-1 activity in both ER+ and ER- human breast cancer cells and only induces cell death in ER- cells, indicating a determinant role of ER in c-Jun/AP-1 activity. The inhibitory effect of ER in stress-induced cell death is confirmed by ER transfection into ER- cells. Furthermore, inhibition of c-Jun activation by a dominant negative c-Jun blocks AP-1 activity in ER+ cells and attenuates stress-induced cell death but not AP-1 activity in ER- cells, suggesting that the c-Jun/AP-1 activity has distinct properties depending on ER status. ER was shown to inhibit stress-induced cell death through its physical interaction with c-Jun. This is because ER binds c-Jun in breast cancer cells, stress treatment further increases the ER-bound phosphorylated c-Jun, and the c-Jun binding-deficient ER mutant fails to protect stress-induced cell death. Together, our studies reveal a novel function of ER in stress response by modification of c-Jun activity.