Culture-induced changes in osmolality of tobacco cell suspensions using four exogenous sugars
Tian, H. Q.
Russell, S. D.
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
Suspension cultures of tobacco cells were grown in B5 media supplemented with sucrose, glucose, mannitol and sorbitol as exogenous sugars to examine culture-induced changes in the osmolality of the medium. Osmolality decreases were greatest in sucrose and glucose media during the 14 days in culture, and in glucose media were essentially linear, presumably reflecting the use of this sugar as a food source. Osmolality decreases occurred during the first week of culture in mannitol- and sorbitol-supplemented media, but later stabilized. Fresh weight of cultured cells in sucrose- and glucose-supplemented media increased by >200% during 14 days in culture, whereas cultured cells in mannitol- and sorbitol-supplemented media increased by only 39 and 48%, respectively. Cells transferred to the original liquid medium (B5 medium with 3% sucrose and 3% glucose) grew vigorously if they had been cultured in sucrose- and glucose-supplemented media; however, cells grown in mannitol- and sorbitol-supplemented media needed to be subcultured several times to recover their normal growth rate. By subculturing cells into increasingly higher conditions of sugars, cells tolerant to 560 mOsmol kg(-1) H(2)O were obtained. The high osmolality-adapted cells increased by 140% in fresh weight in 8% glucose-supplemented medium. Glucose was best suited for producing the high osmolality required because sucrose concentrations at 10% sucrose and above resulted in cell death. To limit the decrease of osmolality in these suspension cultures requires changing the medium every 3 days to maintain osmolality above the 530 mOsmol kg(-1) H(2)O needed to co-culture these as feeder cells with gametic and zygotic cells.