A three-dimensional flow control concept for single-cell experiments on a microchip 2 Fluorescein diacetate metabolism and calcium mobilization in a single yeast cell as stimulated by glucose and pH changes
Peng, X. Y.
Li, P. C. H.
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
Using a three-dimensional flow control concept to manipulate and retain a single yeast cell in a microchip, we were able to study the kinetics of intracellular metabolism and calcium mobilization at the single-cell level, as stimulated by glucose and pH changes. As a model study, the fluorogenic substrate fluorescein diacetate (FDA) was chosen to study how the intracellular carboxylesterase metabolize it. A single yeast cell was first cultured in the microchip. Thereafter, under a constant concentration of FDA, influx of FDA into the yeast cell occurred and FDA was hydrolyzed or metabolized. It was found that changes in both pH and glucose stimulated the FDA metabolism in a yeast cell, and the stimuli can elicit multiple responses from the cell. Since it was carried out within the microchip, the whole experiment on one single yeast cell could last for as long as 10 h. The dormant cell, budding cell, and pretreated budding cell (in low-pH buffer) of yeast resulted in different responses. Experimental data provided details on the FDA metabolism at the single-cell level and revealed strong correlations between FDA metabolism and calcium mobilization. Furthermore, efflux of the FDA metabolite fluorescein could start spontaneously if there was glucose in the medium. The experiments on a single cell were of the "human cell conservation" style because the cell responded to the reagent changes implemented by the human researcher. A mathematical model was also developed to study the influx-hydrolysis-efflux processes of the FDA metabolism using single-cell fluorescent data. These long overdue single-cell experiments are now rendered possible using the three-dimensional flow control in the microchip.