Controllable synthesis of α- and β-MnO2: cationic effect on hydrothermal crystallization
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
alpha- and beta-MnO(2) were controllably synthesized by hydrothermally treating amorphous MnO(2) obtained via a reaction between Mn(2+) and MnO(4)(-), and cationic effects on the hydrothermal crystallization of MnO(2) were investigated systematically. The crystallization is believed to proceed by a dissolution-recrystallization mechanism; i.e. amorphous MnO(2) dissolves first under hydrothermal conditions, then condenses to recrystallize, and the polymorphs formed are significantly affected by added cations such as K(+), NH(4)(+) and H(+) in the hydrothermal systems. The experimental results showed that K(+)/NH(4)(+) were in competition with H(+) to form polymorphs of alpha- and beta-MnO(2), i.e., higher relative K(+)/NH(4)(+) concentration favoured alpha-MnO(2), while higher relative H(+) concentration favoured beta-MnO(2).