SEPARATION AND INDIRECT DETECTION OF ALKYL SULFONATES AND SULFATES
Pietrzyk, D. J.
Rigas, P. G.
Yuan, D. X.
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Iron(II) 1,10-phenanthroline, Fe(phen)3(2+), salts are used as mobile phase additives for the liquid chromatographic separation of alkyl sulfonates and sulfates on the reversed-phase PRP-1. As alkyl chain length increases retention increases. For a given chain length an alkyl sulfate is more retained than the corresponding alkyl sulfonate. Major elution variables that affect retention are mobile phase solvent and counteranion concentration. Indirect photometric detection is used to detect alkyl sulfonates and sulfates at 510 nm where Fe(phen)3(2+) salts absorb. Conditions for isocratic and gradient elution of multicomponent mixtures are described. Detection limits depending on analyte approached 0.1 nmol for isocratic elution and 3 nmol for gradient elution.