Toxin composition variations in cultures of Alexandrium species isolated from the coastal waters of southern China
Wang, D. Z.
Jiang, T. J.
Hsieh, D. P. H.
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
The composition of the paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) of five Alexandrium tamarense strains isolated from the coastal waters of southern China and one Alexandrium minutum strain from Taiwan Island were investigated. A. tamarense CI01 and A. tamarense Dapeng predominantly produced C2 toxin (over 90%) with trace amounts of C1 toxin (C1), gonyautoxin-2 (GTX2) and GTX3 two strains of A. tamarense HK9301 maintained in different locations produced C1-4 toxins and GTX1, 4, 5 and 6: no PSTs were found in A. tamarense NEW, while A. minutum TW produced only GTX1-4. The toxin compositions of cultured A. tamarense strains did not vary as much during different growth phases as did the toxin composition of A. minutum TW. The toxin compositions of A. tamarense HK9301-1 did not change significantly under different salinity, light intensity, and nitrate and phosphate levels in the culture medium, although the toxin productivity varied expectably. Another strain HK9301-2 maintained in a different location produced much less toxins with a considerably different toxin composition. Under similar culture maintenance conditions for 3 years, the toxin profiles of A. tamarense HK9301-1 did not change as much as did A. tamarense CI01. Our results indicate that toxin compositions of the dinoflagellate strains are strain-specific and are subject to influence by nutritional and environmental conditions but not as much by the growth phase. Use of toxin composition in identifying a toxigenic strain requires special caution. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.