Energy-transfer process in gas models of Lennard-Jones interactions
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
We perform simulations to investigate how the energy carried by a molecule transfers to others in an equilibrium gas model. For this purpose we consider a microcanonical ensemble of equilibrium gas systems; each of them contains a tagged molecule located at the same position initially. The ensuing transfer process of the energy initially carried by the tagged molecule is then exposed in terms of the ensemble-averaged energy density distribution. In both a two-and a three-dimensional gas model with Lennard-Jones interactions at room temperature, it is found that the energy carried by a molecule propagates in the gas ballistically, in clear contrast with the Gaussian diffusion widely assumed in previous studies. A possible scheme of experimental study of this issue is also proposed.