Electrosynthesis of Glyoxylic Acid in a Cooled Cathode Reactor
- 2002年第8卷 
以过饱和草酸水深液为阴极液 ,盐酸溶液为阳极液 ,在阴极冷却电化学反应器内草酸电解合成乙醛酸 .考察了电极温度、电解液温度、电流密度和电极材料对合成乙醛酸的时空产率和电流效率的影响 .结果表明 ,阴极冷却反应器既节省能耗 ,又可使电解过程在较高草酸浓度下进行 ,提高电流效率和时空产率 .用石墨板做阳极 ,铅做阴极 ,电流密度为 4 0 9.4 6A·m-2 ,阴极液流速 μ=1 .0 8m·s-1,电解温度为 2 0℃左右时 ,电解 3 .70h ,可得到质量分数为 3 .52 %的乙醛酸溶液 ,平均时空产率为 0 .0 3 2kg·dm-3·hGlyoxylic acid was produced by electroreduction of oxalic acid in a well designed cooled cathode reactor. The cathodic and anodic electrolytes were super_saturated oxalic acid and hydrochloric acid aqueous solutions separated by a super_acid ion_exchange membrane. The current efficiency and time_space yield of glyoxylic acid were studied under different temperatures of cathode and electrolyte,current densities,materials of cathode. With the cooled cathode reactor, the energy consumption was reduced and higher oxalic acid concentration was available in solution, so that current efficiency was improved. The results indicated that the average time_space yield of glyoxylic acid was about 0.032 kg·dm -3 ·h -1 and the concentration of glyoxylic acid could reach 3.52 % after 3.7 h electrolysis with cathode of lead and anode of graphite board under conditions of temperature 20 ℃, catholyte flow rate of 1.08 m·s -1 and current density of 409.46 A·m -2 in the cooled cathode reactor.