Single-crystal-like hematite colloidal nanocrystal clusters: synthesis and applications in gas sensors, photocatalysis and water treatment
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
A facile and efficient one-pot solvothermal synthetic route based on a simplified self-assembly is proposed to fabricate spherical hematite colloidal nanocrystal clusters (CNCs) of uniform shape and size. The as-prepared hematite CNCs are composed of numerous nanocrystals of approximately 20 nm in size, and present a single-crystal-like characteristic. A possible formation process based on the nucleation-oriented aggregation-recrystallization mechanism is proposed. Our experiments demonstrated that both the surfactant and the mixed solvent play very critical roles in controlling the size of primary nanocrystals and the final morphology of single-crystal-like spherical CNCs. Compared with other hematite nanostructures, the spherical hematite CNCs show outstanding performance in gas sensing, photocatalysis and water treatment due to their large surface area and porous structure. In addition, interesting tertiary CNCs formed by further assembly of secondary spherical CNCs were observed for the first time.