Preparation of Novel pH Sensitive Phase Separating Polymers and Its Application in Fluorescence Immunoassay
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Poly( N-isopropylacrylamide methylacrylic acid)[P(NIP co MAA)], a linear water soluble pH precipitating synthetic polymer, was used as a novel separating carrier for the reactants in immunoassay. The P(NIP co MAA) precipitates out of water below a critical pH 5.6 at 37 ℃, and redissolved when the solution pH is above 6.1. This characteristic of the P(NIP co MAA) made it possible to carry out the immunochemical steps of the assay in true solution and then to quickly separate the resulting procucts f rom the reaction mixtures. The above approach was applied to an assay for the sandwich immunoassay of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) . Sensitivity of this method was close to that of t raditional EL ISA using same reactant s. However , the assay was much faster (assay time decreased from 100 —120 min to 45 min) . This method has been applied to the determination of the HBsAg levels in human blood serum with satisfactory results. This general technique may also be used for a wide variety of separation processes in addition to immunoassay , in which a specific component is to be isolated for analysis, recovery, or disposal.