Theoretical Study on the Electronic Structures of Small TinNm (n + m=5, 6) Clusters
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45 isomers of TinNm (n + m = 5, 6) clusters, including linear, some planar and some stero configurations, have been predicted by density functional theory method. For five-atom clusters Ti3N2 and Ti2N3, the most stable structures are trigonal bipyramid in D-3h symmetry, and for Ti4N cluster, the isomer with one nitrogen atom occupying the center of quasi-tetrahedron is the most stable. In the isomers Of Ti4N2 and Ti3N3, the planar networks are more stable, but for Ti2N4, the six-membered ring configuration is the most favorable. Most linear structures can form weak-strong bonds alternately with higher energy. As regards to planar structures, the more Ti-N bonds are formed, the more stable they will be; for stero closed polyhedral isomers, their energies are lower.