Synthetic Chemistry of Fullerenes
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
[中文文摘]富勒烯是一类由12 个五元环和若干六元环组成的笼状分子，自20 世纪80 年代中期被发现 以来就以其独特的结构和新奇的性质而成为科学界研究的热点，25 年来，无论在基础研究还是在实际应用 领域都有了长足的进步，人们在发展富勒烯合成新方法和寻找富勒烯新结构方面做了大量的工作。本文对 富勒烯的各种宏量合成方法进行了回顾，并概述了迄今已发表的60 余种富勒烯新结构，包括各种富勒烯空 笼、内嵌富勒烯、富勒烯笼外修饰衍生物及氮杂富勒烯等结构。[英文文摘]Fullerenes are a class of cage-like molecules made of hexagons and exactly twelve pentagons. Since the discovery of fullerene in the middle of 1980's, the chemistry of fullerenes has become a flourishing field as a result of their unique structures and remarkable properties. In the past twenty-five years, significant progress has been achieved in both fundamental and practical fields. Efforts have been made to improve synthetic efficiency and to synthesize new species of fullerene cage. Herein we review the methods for fullerene synthesis and the novel cage geometries (more than 60 fullerene structures) that have been retrieved and characterized to date. Advances in the production, separation and characterization of various fullerenes are presented, including hollow fullerenes, endohedral fullerenes, exohedral derivatives of fullerenes and azafullerenes.