Rare Earth Eu Doped PtRu/C Catalysts and Their Properties for Methanol Electrooxidation
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
[中文文摘]采用化学还原和热处理方法对商业PtRu/C催化剂进行稀土Eu掺杂,制备了不同Eu含量的PtRuEux/C催化剂.透射电子显微镜(TEM)、X射线能量色散光谱(EDX)、X射线衍射(XRD)和X射线光电子能谱(XPS)等方法表征催化剂的结果表明,Eu的掺杂未改变PtRu/C催化剂的平均粒径(约为3nm),并且Eu以金属和氧化物两种形态修饰PtRu表面.循环伏安和计时电流法测试显示,PtRuEux/C催化剂较商业PtRu/C对甲醇氧化具有更高的活性,其中PtRuEu0.3/C的活性最高.运用原位傅里叶变换红外(FTIR)光谱从分子水平研究了该催化剂对甲醇电催化氧化的反应过程,检测到甲醇在催化剂上解离吸附的吸附态产物是线型吸附态CO(COL),Eu的掺杂使COL的氧化电位降低,明显提高了催化剂的活性和抗CO毒化的能力.[英文文摘]Commercially available PtRu/C catalyst was doped with Eu by chemical reduction and sintering, resulting in PtRuEux/C catalysts with different Eu contents. The catalysts were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Results showed that Eu doping did not change the average size of the PtRu/C catalysts (ca 3 nm), and their surfaces were modified by both Eu metal and oxide. Cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry demonstrated that the activity of the PtRuEux/C catalysts was higher than that of commercial PtRu/C for methanol electrooxidation. Among the PtRuEux/C catalysts, PtRuEu0.3/C exhibited the best performance. The electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol on the catalyst was further investigated by in situ Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy at molecular level. Results indicated that the adsorbed species derived from the dissociative adsorption of methanol on the catalysts were linear-bonded CO (COL). Eu doping decreased the oxidation potential of COL and thus significantly enhanced the activity of the catalysts and their tolerance to CO.