Landscapes of Taiwan's Salt Zone and Multiple Origins of Colonial Modernity
【中文摘要】盐分地带诗人群是台湾日据时期重要的文学流派，他们笔下的地方风景，是多重历史与文化交汇的产物。他们对现代化侵入台湾农村的过程及其后果有深入的观察和反映，其诗作中的现代性议题呈现出多重脉络:一是从启蒙现代性的视野出发，对乡土陋俗的批判;二是发掘殖民现代性背后的不平等权力结构，包括殖民者以现代化的名义进行的殖民掠夺，以及资本入侵农村造成的阶级矛盾等;三是在反抗殖民的诉求下，重新发现乡土历史与伦理的价值，形成反现代的现代性。盐分地带诗人群对现代性的复杂态度，生成的是田园牧歌与工业现代化、感伤情调与理性批判等矛盾而杂糅的形式。但与霍米·巴巴所指出的杂糅现象不同，盐分地带不同现代性话语背后各有清晰的历史脉络。 【Abstract】Poets in the salt zone represented an important literary genre in Taiwan during the period of Japanese occupation. The local landscapes they wrote about were the product of the intersection of multiple histories and cultures. The poets insightfully observed and reflected on the process and consequences of the encroachment of rural Taiwan by modernization. In their modernity issues，multiple threads are discernable. The first was the criticism of local customs from the perspective of enlightenment modernity. The second was the exploration of the unequal power structure behind colonial modernity， including colonial plundering in the name of modernization and class contradictions caused by capital encroaching on the rural areas. The third was the rediscovery of the value of local history and ethics，which led to the formation of antimodern modernity under the appeal of resisting colonialism. The complex attitudes of the poets in the salt zone towards modernity produced a contradictory and mixed form of pastoral songs and industrial modernization，sentimental emotions and rational criticism. However，different from the hybridity identified by Homi Bhabha，there were clear historical contexts behind the different discourses of modernity in the salt zone.