Effects of elevated CO2 on the red seaweed Gracilaria lemaneiformis (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) grown at different irradiance levels
Zou, Dinghui（S China Univ Technol, Coll Environm Sci & Engn, Guangzhou 510640, Peoples R China）
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
The red seaweed Gracilaria lenzaneiformis (Bory) Weber-van Bosse (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) from Nanao Island, Shantou, China, was cultured at 370 and 700 mu l l(-1) CO2 in aeration and at intermediate (160 mu mol photons m(-2) s(-1)) and low (30 mu mol photons m(-2) s(-1)) irradiance levels in order to examine the influences of the elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations on growth, photosynthetic performance and some biochemical components in this commercially important species. Relative growth rate (RGR) was significantly higher in G. lemaneiformis thalli grown using CO2-enriched air with respect to nonenriched air when the algae were subjected to intermediate irradiance. However, RGR was similar between these two CO2 treatments when the algae were grown under the low-irradiance condition. Extra CO, in the culture decreased phycobiliprotein (PB, including phycoerythrin, PE, and phycocyanin, PC) contents of G. lemaneiformis thalli at the higher growth irradiance. However, chlorophyll a (Chl a) and soluble protein contents were unchanged by the CO2 levels in culture. Both PB and Chl a contents were higher in G. lemaneiformis thalli grown at the lower irradiance than at the higher irradiance, regardless of the CO2 levels in culture. The parameters for photosynthetic responses to irradiance and inorganic carbon were mostly not altered with the increase Of CO2 concentrations in culture. However, light-saturated photosynthetic rates (P-max) and apparent carboxylating efficiencies (ACE), expressed per unit Chl a, were significantly higher in algae grown at the intermediate irradiance compared to the low irradiance. Photosynthetic rate was reduced by an increase in pH of seawater from 8.2 to 9.1, and it was also strongly inhibited by the external carbonic anhydrase inhibitor acetazolamide (AZ) in G. lemaneiformis thalli grown at each CO2 and irradiance condition. Moreover, pH compensation points were not affected by the growth conditions. These results suggested that G. lemaneiformis under both growth conditions had a similar capacity of the photosynthetic utilization of external HCO3- pool in seawater. However, ACE decreased in G. lemaneiformis thalli grown at the low irradiance with respect to the higher irradiance implied that the transport of Ci towards Rubisco within the cell was weakened. Taken together, the data showed that an increase of CO2 was less effective on G. lemaneiformis than the irradiance levels. We concluded that CO2 affected photosynthesis and growth performance when light was not the limiting factor.