Antioxidant enzymes from the crab Scylla paramamosain: Gene cloning and gene/protein expression profiles against LPS challenge
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
Recent studies revealed that antioxidant enzymes play important roles in antioxidant responses caused by metabolic process or pathogen invasion. Catalase is one of these key enzymes which has been characterized and highly conserved from invertebrates to vertebrates. In the present study, a full-length cDNA sequence of catalase was cloned from the hemocyte suppression subtractive hybridization library of the crab Scylla paramamosain. The Sp-catalase (Sp-CAT) cDNA sequence contained 2551 bp with an open reading frame of 1551 bp encoding 517 amino acid residues. The conserved catalytic active residues His-71, Asn-144 and Tyr-354 were predicted in the amino acid sequence of Sp-CAT. The deduced Sp-CAT protein had a calculated molecular mass of 59 kDa with an estimated isoelectric point of 6.4. Multiple alignment analysis revealed that the deduced amino acid sequence of Sp-CAT shared high identity (75.4%) with those of other species. The Sp-CAT mRNA transcripts were demonstrated in multiple tissues of normal S. paramamosain. After LPS challenge, the expression level of Sp-CAT gene was increased significantly in hemocyte at 3 and 6 h, and in hepatopancreas at 6 h, respectively, determined by quantitative real-time PCR. Furthermore, the activities of CAT and SOD were also measured in different tissues and serum after LPS challenge. The CAT activity was significantly increased at 3, 6, 24 and 48 h in hemocyte lysate, at 3 h in serum, and at 24 and 48 h in hepatopancreas after LPS challenge. In addition, the SOD activity was significantly induced at 3 and 6 h in hemocyte lysate, 3 and 12 h in serum, 12 and 48 h in hepatopancreas post LPS stimulation, indicating a tissue and time-dependent antioxidant response in the crab. Taken together, these data demonstrated that a strong antioxidant response occurred in the LPS-challenged crab, which might be involved in the protection of host against microbial infections. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.