Effects of Cd and Zn on oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion in sipuncula (Phascolosoma esculenta)
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
Physiological responses (oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion) of the sipuncula (Phascolosoma esculenta) exposed to four concentrations of Cd (0.45, 0.96, 2.04, and 4.46 mg L-1) and four concentrations of Zn (1.09, 2.34, 4.96, and 10.91 mg L-1) were monitored for 21 days, respectively. Oxygen consumption rates of sipuncula at all concentrations of Cd decreased from day 1 to day 6. At low concentrations of Cd (0.45 and 0.96 mg L-1), the oxygen consumption rate was promoted. Time and concentration were significant in affecting oxygen consumption rate, respectively. Oxygen consumption rate decreased significantly with time for Zn-exposed individuals and also decreased significantly with the interaction between the concentration of Cd and time for Cd-exposed individuals. Changes occurred in the ammonia excretion rates and O:N ratios with individual sipuncula experiencing different metal concentrations over time. Although low O:N ratios (<30) were obtained in most of the treatments, no predictable correlation was found between concentrations of metals and values of O:N obtained. The value of using O:N ratio as a stress index is questioned. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.