Diurnal variations of surface seawater pCO(2) in contrasting coastal environments
Cai, Wei-Jun（Univ Georgia, Dept Marine Sci, Athens, GA 30602 USA）
Chen, Chen-Tung Arthur（Natl Sun Yat Sen Univ, Inst Marine Geol & Chem, Kaohsiung, Taiwan）
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
We examined diurnal variations of surface seawater pCO(2) (partial pressure of CO2) in a suite of coastal marine environmental systems in the vicinity of the South China Sea (SCS) from inshore and nearshore settings in Xiamen Bay, Shenhu Bay, and the southwestern Taiwan Strait, to offshore sites in the basin and on the slope of the northern South China Sea as well as in a coral reef system at Xisha Islands in the middle of the SCS. There were significant diurnal changes of surface pCO(2), ranging from 1.0 Pa to 1.6 Pa (10-16 mu atm) in the offshore and oligotrophic sites similar to 4.1 Pa in the Taiwan Strait, 5.1-15.2 Pa in Xiamen Bay and Shenhu Bay, to as high as 60.8 Pa in the coral reef system at Xisha Islands. Processes that modulate these pCO(2) diurnal variations were temperature, tide or current, and biological controls. Temperature was a major driver of the pCO(2) diurnal variability in the oligotrophic regions, while tidal effects were important in the nearshore. In the coral reef system, biological metabolism dominated variability. Diurnal variability could have a potentially important implication on the estimate of air-sea CO2 fluxes, which may result in an uncertainty of +/- 0.48-0.77 mmol C m(-2) d(-1) for the offshore sites in the SCS. Such uncertainties were larger in nearshore settings.