Residues that affect human Argonaute2 concentration in cytoplasmic processing bodies
Lin Yang(Department of Lymphoma/Myeloma, Division of Cancer Medicine, MD Anderson Cancer Center)
- OAPS－大学生创新计划项目 
Sequence-specific gene silencing triggered by double-stranded RNA is a fundamental gene regulatory mechanism present in almost all eukaryotes. Argonaute2 (Ago2) is the central protein component of RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), and resides in cytoplasmic processing bodies (P-bodies). In the present Study, we demonstrated one human Mutant Ago2 protein containing 6 point mutations (G32W, F128L, R196Q, P458S, T741A, S752G) failed to accumulate in P-bodies. Analysis of the different Ago2 revertants indicates the S752 as a key amino acid for P-body localization of Ago2. The S752 is evolutionary conserved in the Piwi domain of Ago2 homologs from worms, insects, plants and mammals. We further showed the single point mutation S752G interfering the interaction between Ago2 and Dcp1 a, a key component of P-bodies. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.