Isolation, gene cloning and expression profile of a pathogen recognition protein: A serine proteinase homolog (Sp-SPH) involved in the antibacterial response in the crab Scylla paramamosain
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
To identify the frontline defense molecules against microbial infection in the crab Scylla paramamosain, a live crab pathogenic microbe. Vibrio parahaemolyticus, was recruited as an affinity matrix to isolate innate immune factors from crab hemocytes lysate. Interestingly, a serine proteinase homolog (Sp-SPH) was obtained together with an antimicrobial peptide-antilipopolysaccharide factor (Sp-ALF). We then determined the full-length cDNA sequence of Sp-SPH, which contained 1298 bp with an open reading frame of 1107 bp encoding 369 amino acid residues. Multiple alignment analysis showed that the deduced amino acid sequences of Sp-SPH shared overall identity (83.8%) with those of SPH-containing proteins from other crab species. Tissue distribution analysis indicated that the Sp-SPH transcripts were present in various tissues including eye stalk, subcuticular epidermis, gill, hemocyte, stomach, thorax ganglion, brain and muscle of S. paramamosain. The Sp-SPH was highly expressed in selected different development stages including embryo (I, II, III and V), zoea (I), megalopa, and juvenile. Importantly, the prophenoloxidase was also present in the embryos, zoea, juvenile and adult crabs, but relatively lower in megalopa compared to those of other stages. Furthermore. the Sp-SPH mRNA expression showed a statistically significant increase (P < 0.05) in both hemocyte and subcuticular epidermis at 24 h, and in gill at 96 h after challenge of V. parahaemolyticus determined by quantitative real-time PCR. Taken together, the live-bacterial-binding activity and the acute-phase response against bacterial infection of Sp-SPH suggested that it might function as an innate immune recognition molecule and play a key role in host defense against microbe invasion in the crab S. paramamosain. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.