Transcending Geography,Mixed Dialects and Identification Boundary:The Way to Shape the Communities of Guangdong and Tingzhou in Penang Since the 19th Century
- 2021年 
【中文摘要】19世纪以来，来自广东省和福建省汀州的槟榔屿社群各自通过清朝原乡府州或县份的籍贯认同进行了社群的小地缘形塑。其中在府州地缘认同中,不同方言得以共处,再通过跨府州和跨省进行了更进一步的深度联合，同时以清末原乡广东省和福建省汀州的行政区划作为社群认同的无形边界，以广东暨汀州公冢作为社群认同的有形边界，从而在距离原乡遥远的槟榔屿形塑了广东暨汀州社群（广东帮）。马来西亚各地区这种依赖中国原乡行政区划等级而形塑的地缘社群的组合模式不是整齐划一的,每个省级社群下面,都不是中规中矩地按照原乡府州行政区划来形塑的，而是跟随各地区不同的历史发展脉络和华人移民的内在发生机理而形塑的。 【Abstract】Since the 19th century，immigrants from Guangdong Province and Tingzhou of Fujian Province have each carried out small geographic shaping of their communities by identifying with their original hometowns in Qing Dynasty prefectures ，in which different dialects coexisted in the geographic identification of prefectures. They built deeper alliances through cross - prefecture and cross - province communication. Meanwhile， the administrative divisions of their original hometowns in Guangdong Province and Tingzhou of Fujian Province in the late Qing Dynasty were used as the invisible boundary of community identification，and Guangdong and Tingzhou graves for unknown persons were used as the community's tangible boundary of identity，thus shaping the community of Guangdong and Tingzhou (Guangdong Gang) on Penang Island，which is far away from immigrants’ hometowns. The combination model of the geo-community in various regions of Malaysia，which relies on the administrative divisions of immigrants’ hometowns in China， is not uniform. Communities from the provincial level downward were not shaped in strict accordance with the administrative division of immigrants’ hometowns，but were based on the different historical development contexts of various regions and the internal occurrence mechanism of Chinese immigrants.