Growth mechanism identification of sputtered single crystalline bismuth nanowire
- 物理技术－已发表论文 
Abstract(#br)Single crystalline bismuth nanowire is recently considered as one of the most attractive low dimensional materials for the exploration of exotic higher-order topological properties. However, its growth mechanism by sputtering, which is regarded as one of the most cost-effective and simplest method, is still unrevealed. In this work, a bismuth nanowire growth model based on surface diffusion driven by chemical potential difference among crystal facets is proposed for sputtering method. The morphology evolution of bismuth nanowires is captured for the first time, and three corresponding growth stages are clearly discriminated. The possible self-catalyzed, stress-driven, and screw dislocation-driven nanowire growth mechanisms are precluded separately based on the theoretical and...