Pilot study of drinking water treatment with GAC, O-3/BAC and membrane processes in Kinmen Island, Taiwan
Weng, Tzu-Pao（Kinmen Waterworks, Kinmen Cty, Taiwan）
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
A study on advanced treatment of drinking water was conducted in a pilot scale plant in Tai Lake, Kinmen, Taiwan. The raw water contains a high concentration of disinfection by-product (DBP) precursors and causes serious odor problems. Chlorination of the raw water produced higher haloacetic acid formation potential (HAAFP) than trihalomethane formation potential (THMFP). Therefore, the high concentration of NOMs, which is the major source of DBP precursors, and the removal efficiencies of non-purgeable dissolved organic carbon (NPDOC), UV254, THMFP, HAAFP, 2-methylisoborneol (2-MIB), and trans-1, 10-dimethyl-trans-9-decalol (geosmin) were evaluated for both conventional and advanced water treatment processes. 2-MIB and geosmin can be removed efficiently by the GAC and O-3/BAC process, but bromo-THMs cannot. In addition, the removal efficiency of HAAFP was higher than that of THMFP by the GAC or O-3/BAC process. The ultrafiltration (UF)-nanofiltration (NF) combined process showed removal efficiencies for NPDOC, UV254, THMFP, HAAFP of 88.7%, 94%, 84.3% and 97.5%, respectively. This study found that the GAC or O-3/BAC process is a promising way to treat odor problems, and the UF-NF membrane process was one of the best available ways to remove NOMs and DBP formation potential. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.