All- trans -retinoic acid generation is an antidotal clearance pathway for all- trans -retinal in the retina 全反式维甲酸的生成是视网膜中全反式视黄醛的 一种解毒代谢途径
- 药学院－已发表论文 
Abstract(#br)The present study was designed to analyze the metabolites of all-frans-retinal (atRal) and compare the cytotoxicity of atRal versus its derivative all-frans-retinoic acid (atRA) in human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. We confirmed that atRA was produced in normal pig neural retina and RPE. The amount of all- trans -retinol (atROL) converted from atRal was about 2.7 times that of atRal-derived atRA after incubating RPE cells with 10 µmol/L atRal for 24 h, whereas atRA in medium supernatant is more plentiful (91 vs. 29 pmol/mL), suggesting that atRA conversion facilitates elimination of excess atRal in the retina. Moreover, we found that mRNA expression of retinoic acid-specific hydroxylase CYP26b1 was dose-dependently up-regulated by atRal exposure in RPE cells,...