Direct Carbon Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
- 2020年第26卷 
碳是重要的能量载体. 直接碳固体氧化物燃料电池（DC-SOFC）是一种直接使用固体碳为燃料的能量转换装置,通过电化学反应,DC-SOFC可将碳所蕴含的化学能直接而连续地转换成电能,转换效率高,产生的CO2浓度高,易于捕集和后续处理. 本文系统地介绍DC-SOFC的结构组成、工作原理、研究现状和发展趋势,重点介绍了作者课题组在DC-SOFC研究方面的成果和进展,包括单电池和电池组的研制、采用生物质碳和煤炭为燃料时的性能和DC-SOFC在气电联产中的应用探索.Carbon is richly reserved in coal, biomasses, and many other nature resources. It is usually used as an energy source through oxygen oxidation reaction. The oxidation is generally realized through combustion which causes serious air pollution. Besides, the conversion efficiency of generating electricity through the combustion process is limited by Carnot efficiency. A direct carbon solid oxide fuel cell (DC-SOFC) is a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) directly operated with solid carbon as the fuel. It can convert the chemical energy of carbon into electricity with high efficiency. The concentration of produced CO2 from a DC-SOFC is so high that enables easy capture and segregation of CO2. Here we systematically introduce the configuration, reaction process, research and development status, and prospects of DC-SOFC. Especially, we give a comprehensive review concerning research progress in DC-SOFC, including development and fabrication of single cells and stacks, DC-SOFC operating with biomass char and coal as the fuel, and gas-electricity cogeneration using DC-SOFC.