Letters Written by Li Maoying upon Passing the Imperial Examination
- 2020年 
【中文摘要】李昴英于宋理宗宝庆二年（1226)以探花登第,在京城等待放榜和任命期间，写了五封家书。第一封家书写于省试名单公布之际，向家人匆匆报捷，表现出作者淡然从容的心态。第二、三封家书写于三月下旬,主要叙说新科探花在京应酬花销巨大，其中以请托“入局”带来的纷扰最令人难堪，还涉及租房、雇佣、拜师、请人作答谢四六、先期寻觅差遣处所、新科前三名相互照应等事项，并一直期待妻子陈氏家的资助。第四封家书写于四月，提供了两项新资讯：同年中之同乡的相互联络结交和“榜下择婿”。第五封家书写于六月，核心内容是报告升殿唱名之情景。这些家书丰富细腻地展现了新科探花中第后在京城的生活情态和心态,宋代科举社会场景和制度变得鲜活生动。 【Abstract】In the year of 1226，Li Maoying passed the Imperial Examination，ranking third.He stayed in the capital for months，waiting for the announcement of the final results. During this period，he wrote five letters home. In the first letter， written in early March，he shared the announced results of the examination with his family. The letter revealed a calm and easy state of mind. The second and the third letters were written in late March，mainly talking about the large expense of his social engagements in the capital. Li needed to deal with many things， including renting a room， hiring helping hands， expressing appreciation to the examiners，familiarizing himself with the new workplace，and trying to develop a friendship with the first-and second-place examiners. Meanwhile，he had been expecting some financial support from the Chen family of his wife. The fourth letter was written in April. Two new pieces of information were provided. One was about a townsmen's association，while the other one was about “selection of a son-in-law on the announcement date” . The fifth letter was written in June，describing how he had an audience with the Emperor. These letters revealed the life and feelings of a successful candidate during his stay in the capital. Thanks to these precious records，the social scenes and the imperial examination system of the Song dynasty are vividly presented to us.