System Construction of China's Ecological Constitution in the New Era
【中文摘要】为更好服务生态文明法治建设的实践，形成有助于中国积极参与全球环境治理的生态法治话语体系,有必要提出生态宪法学的概念。作为一门新的子学科，生态宪法学应确定自己的学科定位与基本范畴。生态宪法学属于部门宪法学，与环境法学、生态法学等形成交叉学科。生态人、生态权利与义务、生态行为以及生态制度构成了生态宪法学的四大基本范畴。当前，生态宪法学研究的现实意义在于为推动我国生态文明建设迈上新台阶提供宪法和法律保障综合方案，理论意义在于为生态文明法治提供适足的理论体系。 【Abstract】In order to better serve the legal construction of eco-civilization and form a discourse system of ecological rule of law conducive to China's participation in global environmental governance，it is necessary to propose the concept of ecological constitutional law. As a new subdiscipline，the subject orientation and basic category of ecological constitutional law should be clearly defined. Ecological constitutional law is a branch of constitutional law，forming an interdisciplinary subject with environmental law and ecological law. Ecological man，ecological rights and obligations， ecological behavior and ecological institutions constitute the four basic categories of ecological constitutional law. At present，the practical significance of the study of ecological constitution lies in providing a comprehensive scheme of constitutional and legal protection for elevating the construction of ecological civilization to a new level，while the theoretical significance lies in providing an adequate theoretical system for the rule of law of ecological civilization.