Prohibition of Opium by the Communist Party of China in the Early Years of the People's Republic of China
- 2020年 
【中文摘要】社会治理是国家治理的重要组成部分,鸦片烟毒是制约新中国初期社会发展的突出问题，主要表现为鸦片种植面积泛滥、制毒贩毒猖獗、吸毒人员成风。中国共产党发挥集中统一领导的优势，完善行政部署和组织安排，遵循破旧立新的治理原则、刚柔并济的治理手段和标本兼治的治理方法，充分发动群众力量，广泛开展宣传动员，齐心协力改造烟民，多方联合整治毒贩，彻底扫除了毒害，树立了良好的社会风貌，保护了人民的身心健康，促进了社会生产与发展，赢得了人民的认可，树立了执政的威信。 【Abstract】Social governance is an important part of national governance. Opium was a prominent problem restricting social development in the early years of the People s Republic of China. The problem was mainly manifested in massive opium plantation，rampant drug making and dealing and enormous numbers of opium addicts. To tackled the problem， the Communist Party of China，taking advantage of its centralized and unified leadership，set out to improve administrative deployments and organizational arrangements，adhere to the governance principle of innovation，and adopted the approaches of combining strict and flexible strategies and addressing both symptoms and root causes. Moreover，it carried out extensive promotion and mobilization to rally the masses to work together in an effort to help addicts rehabilitate and unit all parties to suppress drug dealing.At last，China completely eliminated opium addiction，established a good social atmosphere，protected the physical and mental health of the people and promoted social production and development.Moreover，the Party won the approval of the people and established its prestige as a ruling party.