Influence of Modes of Distribution of Rights of Service Invention to Maintenance Time Among Patents in Suits
- 知识产权－已发表论文 
雇佣双方就雇佣期间完成发明的权属问题提起诉讼,反映了争讼专利具备一定经济价值,分析这部分涉诉专利的维持年限更会为评价职务发明权属模式提供有力依据。统计分析职务发明不同权属模式下涉诉专利的维持时间,雇主权属模式的涉诉专利在维持时间的布局上更为均匀合理,平均维持时间更长。雇员权属模式的涉诉专利随着雇员职位不同,而在维持时间上有所差异。因此,有关职务发明的政策、立法选择应该在尊重约定优先原则的前提下,更倾向于雇主权属模式,对于雇员的权属分配和奖励报酬也应区别雇员职位而差异对待。The patents in suits, which were assessed valuable by employers and employees, could be vital evidences in proving which modes is better. Through analyzing the statistics of the maintenance time of patents under different ownership modes, the patents under employer-ownership are more uniform and reasonable in the maintenance time, and the average maintenance time is longer. The mainte-nance time of patents under employee-ownership varies according to different vacations of employees. In the premise of the principle of a-greement priority,policies and legislation should be incline to employer-ownership mode and rewards to employees should be vary in line ＇with vacations.