One stage surgical treatment of multiple primary carcinoma of hypopharynx and esophagus
- 医学院－已发表论文 
目的探讨下咽、颈胸段食管多原发癌(multiple primary carcinoma,; MPC)在胸腔镜辅助下行全喉、下咽、食管切除并管状胃重建一期手术的应用及疗效。方法胸科组行胸腔镜辅助下分离食管及纵膈淋巴结清扫后开腹行管状胃成形; ,头颈组行颈部淋巴结清扫、全喉下咽切除、咽胃吻合术。术后常规补充放化疗。结果本组全部病例均一期完成手术,肺部感染3例,胸腔积液2例、气管撕裂1例; ;无吻合口瘘及围手术期死亡病例;3年生存率63.6%,5年生存率50.0%。结论下咽癌应常规行胃镜检查以免MPC的漏诊;胸腔镜辅助下全喉、下咽、; 食管切除并管状胃重建术可一期完成以往分次手术难以完成的手术治疗,有效提高下咽颈胸段食管多重癌的治疗效果。OBJECTIVE To discuss the therapeutic effect of one stage surgical; treatment in the multiple primary hypopharyngeal and cervical thoracic; esophageal carcinoma. METHODS The thoracoscopy group: dissecting the; esophagus and mediastinal lymph node assisted with thoracoscope, and; then opened abdominal cavity to make gastric tube. Head and neck group:; doing the cervical lymph node dissection, total laryngectomy, total; hypopharyngectomy and total esophagectomy, and then anastomosis of the; pharynx with gastric tube. All cases were received conventional; radiotherapy and chemotherapy after operation. RESULTS All the cases in; this group were successfully underwent the one stage operation. The; postoperative complications were pulmonary infection in 3 cases, pleural; effusion in 2 cases and tracheal tear in one case. No anastomotic; fistula or postoperative deaths occurred. The 3 and 5 year survival; rates were 63.6% and 50.0% respectively. CONCLUSION It should take; necessary examinations of cervical thoracic esophagus to prevent missing; the multiple primary carcinoma of the hypopharyngeal carcinoma. The; total laryngectomy, total hypopharyngectomy and total esophagectomy, and; anastomosis of the pharynx with gastric tube for multiple primary; hypopharyngeal and cervical thoracic esophageal carcinoma is a feasible; and active treatment method.