Brief Discussion on the Taiwan Coastal Defense Concept of Liu Ming-chuan
刘铭传的台海防御观不是孤立的台湾海防,至少涉及如下三方面的关系:一是台湾海防与中国东南海防的关系,从台湾在东南海疆的位置,考察台湾对东南海防的战略意义;二是台湾海防与福建海防的关系,从闽台行政与地缘关系,考察闽台战略防御的相关性;三是海防与陆防的关系,从台湾防务的布局与内部结构,考察台海防御的整体性效用。刘铭传的台海防御观,是在日本和西方列强武力侵略的刺激下,立足台湾及台海地区,关照中国东南海疆,应对外敌入侵的积极防御观。The Taiwan coastal defense concept of Liu Ming- chuan was not isolated,which at least involved in three aspects: first,the relationship between Taiwan and China southeast coastal defense. The strategic significance of Taiwan can be reviewed from Taiwan's position in the southeast coast of China; the second was the relationship between Taiwan and Fujian coastal defense. The strategic defense correlation of Fujian and Taiwan can be reviewed from its administrative and geographical relationship; the third was the relationship between coastal defense and land defense. The integral effect of Taiwan coastal defense can be reviewed from its strategic layout and internal structure. The Taiwan Coastal Defense concept of Liu Ming- chuan was an active defense concept for coping foreign invasion,especially stimulated by Japan and west colonists' military invasion,which also based on Taiwan and the whole Taiwan coastal area as well as the southeast coast of China.