The Formation and Maintenance of Mutual Trust between People on both Sides of the Taiwan Straits from the Social Relational Network Perspective
在信任研究议题上，社会网络分析法把信任看作是社会关系的一个重要维度，认为信仕其实是社会制度和文化规范的产物。这种独特的视角对探讨两岸民众互信问题具有启发意义。首先，两岸民众互信来源于双方交流交往等互动行为，并“嵌入于”两岸民众存在的关系网络之中，并受到关系网、以往的互动经验以及制度等因素的影响。其次，两岸民众在双方长期互动关系当中，形成一种具有两岸特色的关系性信任。这种信任嵌入于两岸社会网络之中，能够在该网络中的制度与规范作用下、从两岸公民参与网络中产生。最后，可通过制度契约、关系性契约以及心理契约等三种途径米维持两岸民众互信。总之，两岸民众互信的维系机制在于互动进程，关系的长期孕化与嵌套促进互惠实践的强化，而互惠关系则将有助于双方民众之间互信的巩固与深化，这就有利于两岸关系进一步向前发展。Trust is viewed as an important dimension of social relations or trust is the result of social and cultural norms in fact by Social Network Analysis which is instructive in mutual trust between the people on both sides of the Taiwan straits. Firstly, mutual trust comes from both sides＇ exchange interaction such as interactive behavior which is embedded in the both relational network and influenced by network, previous experience in interaction, institution and so on. Secondly, there is a special relational trust is formed from the long-term interactive relationship between both sides which is embedded in the social network, institution across the Taiwan Strait. Finally, the maintenance of mutual trust between both sides may come true through rational contract, relational contract and relational psychological contract. In brief, the maintaining mechanism of mutual trust between both sides lies in the interactive process and the relationship of mutual benefit is conducive to consolidating and deepening both sides＇ mutual trust which is conducive to the further development of cross-straits relations.