The Development Dilemma of Higher Technological and Vocational Education in Taiwan and the Warnings to the Higher Vocational Education in Mainland China
- 台研院－已发表论文 
数十年来,台湾地区高等技职教育受内外部环境变迁、产业升级及自身发展转型等因素影响,在取得令人瞩目的发展成绩的同时,亦面临着规模盲目扩张、生源减少且质量下降、升学导向凸显、实务型师资匮乏、专业设置雷同等诸多问题。中国大陆高职教育在发展过程中面临着相似的问题和挑战。台湾地区高等技职教育的发展困境对中国大陆具有警示作用。大陆在借鉴台湾经验教训的基础上,可以探索建立职业教育纵向连贯的学制体系,积极鼓励企业参与产学合作,合理调整高职教育发展的规模和速度,充分挖掘自身优势和特色,以提升高职教育的人才培养质量。The higher technological and vocational education （TVE） in Taiwan has made remarkable achievements over the past ten years after experiencing the internal and external environmental changes, industrial upgrading and transformation of its own development. However, it is still facing many problems such as the blind expansion of the scale, the decreasing number of students and the quality declining. Besides, the highlight of the enrollment orientation, the lack of teachers and the similari- ty in specialty setting also constitute the problems that confront the education. In fact, the higher vocational education in main- land China also faces the similar problems and challenges. Therefore, the dilemma of TVE in Taiwan can serve as a warning to our education. The writer believes that based on their experience, the mainland may explore the possibility of establishing a vertical and coherent educational system, encouraging enterprises to participate in cooperative education, adjusting rationally the scale and speed of the development of higher vocational education, making full use of their own advantages and characteris- tics so as to improve the quality of talents training in higher vocational education.