Research on Cross-Strait Top Leaders' Meeting since 2005——One Kind of Analysis Mode of Communication Practice
2015年11月7日,"习马会"在新加坡顺利实现,翻开了两岸关系历史性的一页,对于两岸关系发展具有重大的积极意义。回顾过去10年,2005年以来两岸高层领导人一共进行了24次会晤,这些高层互动在两岸关系发展过程中发挥了不可忽略的关键作用。从实践的视角来看,2005年以来的两岸高层领导人会晤是两岸高层领导人,基于相互的位置关系,遵循一定的模糊原则,而在特定空间内所进行的交往实践活动。第一,它有其发生的特定空间即场域,也就是由两岸间历史客观关系交织而成的实践背景空间;第二,它产生于两岸相互位置关系的作用,新世纪以来两岸实力差距导致的相互位置关系的变化推动了两岸高层领导人互动的发生;第三,它还遵循着一定的实践逻辑或者惯习,其中最核心的就是共同承认"两岸同属一个中国"。此外,2005年以来的两岸高层领导人会晤还产生了重要的实践作用,两岸高层领导人会晤是一个社会化过程,其间通过利益界定、关系建构产生了社会意义包括身份建构、孕育规范以及塑造观念结构。首先,在这个过程中两岸同属一个中国的身份认知不断得到认可和强化,集体情感与集体认同感得到加强;其次,这个过程推动了"九二共识"重新成为两岸交往互动的核心规范;最后,这个过程还推动了两岸关系和平发展的观念架构不断巩固与完善,使得两岸关系和平发展的理念日益深入人心。On November7, 2015, "Xi-Ma meeting" successfully implemented in Singapore, and it opened a historic chapter in cross-Strait relations, creating great positive significance to the development of crossStrait relations.Reviewing the past 10 years, the top leaders of two sides have met for more than 20 times in total,since "Hu-Lian meeting" in 2005,and these high-level interactions has played a key role that cannot be ignored during the development of cross-Strait relations. From the perspective of practice,cross-Strait top leaders' meeting can be seen as a kind of communicative practice activities carried out within a given space by top leaders on both sides. It based on the location of the relationship between each other and followed some fuzzy principles.First, it has a specific space in which they arise,that is field, which is the practical background space constructed by the historical objective relations between Mainland and Taiwan;Second, it is generated from effect carried by the mutual location relationship, the change of mutual location relationship caused by strengthing gap between mainland and Taiwan promotes the occurrence of cross-Strait top leaders' interaction;Third, it also follows some practice logic or habitus, the core of which is the mutual recognition of "both sides belong to One-China".In addition,cross-Strait top leaders' meeting since 2005 also had an important practical effect, it can be seen as a socialization process, during which produced social significance including identity, norms and concept structure by interests definition and relations construction. First, during the process, the identity awareness of " One-China" has been continuously recognized and enhanced, collective emotion and collective identity has been strengthened;Second, the socialization process promotes the "1992 consensus" to become a core specification of cross-Strait interaction;Finally, this process also contribute to the continuous consolidation and improvement of the concept structure for peaceful development of cross-Strait relations, making the concept of peaceful development of cross-Strait relations increasingly in popularity.