The Dominance of Trade across the Taiwan Strait during the Early 17~(th) Century:The Entrepot Trade in Early Dutch Invasion
- 台研院－已发表论文 
17世纪上半叶,荷兰、西班牙等欧洲国家为了主导高额利润的东亚贸易,展开激烈竞争。天启四年(1624年),荷兰窃据台湾,并以此为基地,从事辗转中国大陆、日本、东南亚和欧洲的多角贸易。荷兰侵占台湾初期的转口贸易,与明朝私人海商提供商品有密切关系。关于明末海峡两岸贸易主导权问题,有"荷兰东印度公司主导"与"华商主导"两派观点。本文则认为,影响明末海峡两岸贸易主导权的因素很多,明朝海商和荷兰殖民者都无法单方面主导。从天启四年(1624年)至崇祯十七年(1644年)明朝灭亡,荷兰殖民当局在台湾的转口贸易,经历了起步、发展和逐步衰落三个阶段,海峡两岸的贸易主导权则在不同阶段在明朝私人海商和荷兰殖民者间转换。In the early 17~(th) century,the Netherlands,Spain,and other European powers competed for domination of the highly profitable trade in East Asia. The Dutch invaded Taiwan in 1624,and the island became a trading post linking mainland China,Japan,Southeast Asia and Europe. The entrepot trade during the early period of invasion was closely related to the commodities provided by private maritime merchants of the Ming dynasty. The different opinions held by scholars focused on who actually controlled the entrepot trade: the Dutch East India Company or the Chinese merchants. Since the trade was influenced by many factors,this paper proposes that neither side was able to realize domination. From 1624 to 1644,which is the final stage of the Ming dynasty,the Dutch entrepot trade experienced a pattern of inception,development,and eclipse,with domination alternating between the Dutch and the Chinese.