## T型石墨烯及其衍生物的结构与电子特性

Structural and electronic properties of T-graphene and its derivatives

##### Abstract

采用基于密度泛函理论的第一原理方法研究了T型石墨烯及其衍生物-n(n=1-5)的结构稳定性和电子结构性质.T型石墨烯是一种拥有四角形环的二维碳材; 料同素异构体,通过改变连接四角形环的碳链上的碳原子个数n,可以得到一系列的sp-sp~2杂化结构,称其为T型石墨烯衍生物-n.计算结果表明:这些; 材料的结构稳定性、化学键类型和电子结构性质都依存于n的奇偶性.其中T型石墨烯(n=0)的结构最稳定,并形成一个由8个碳原子构成的大环.声子谱计算; 的结果表明,n为偶数时的体系具有动力学稳定性,而n为奇数时的体系则是不稳定的.n为偶数时体系四角形环之间的碳链上的化学键呈单、三键交叉排列,体系; 显示为金属性特征,且随着n的增大,体系的金属性加强.n为奇数时体系四角形环之间的碳链上的化学键则为双键连续排列,体系呈金属性且具有磁性(n=1除; 外).研究表明该系列材料作为一种新的二维碳材料同素异构体,具有独特的结构和丰富的电子结构特性,很可能在纳米器件中得到广泛应用. Recent years there has been aroused a growing interest in designing two-dimensional (2D) structures of carbon allotropes, owing to the great success in graphene. The T-graphene is a newly proposed 2D carbon allotrope possessing tetragonal symmetry other than hexagonal symmetry of graphene. Also, the energetic and dynamical stabilities of T-graphene have been revealed. So motivated, we investigate the structural stabilities and electronic properties of T-graphene and especially its derivatives-n (n = 1-5) by using the first-principle calculation based on the density function theory. By changing the atomic number (n) of the linear carbon chains connecting the two tetragon rings of T-graphene, a series of sp-sp 2 hybrid structures can be formed, which is named T-graphene derivatives-n. The calculation results show that the structural stabilities, chemical bond types and electronic structures of these materials depend greatly on the parity of n. Owing to a strong pi-bond formed by eight carbon atoms in T-graphene, it becomes the one with the lowest energy in all these materials studied in this work. An interesting phenomenon is found that the T-graphene derivatives-n with even n are dynamically stable as witnessed by the calculated phonon spectra without imaginary modes, while those with odd n are dynamically unstable. The metallic behaviors are present in the T-graphene derivatives-n with even carbon atoms in the linear carbon chains, showing an alternating single and triple C-C bonds. Besides, we observe that the metallicity of the T-graphene derivatives-n with even n becomes stronger as n increases. On the other hand, the linear carbon chains with odd carbon atoms are comprised of continuous C=C double bonds. These T-graphene derivatives-n with odd n also show metallic behaviors, but turn into magnetic materials (except for n = 1), the magnetic moments are about 0.961 mu B (n = 3) and 0.863 mu B (n = 5) respectively, and ferromagnetic ordering is the only possibility for the magnetism, which rarely occurs in carbon material. Our first-principle studies indicate that the introducing carbon chains between the tetragonal carbon rings of T-graphene constitute an efficient method to obtain new two-dimensional carbon allotrope. With different numbers (even or odd) of carbon atoms on the chains, the constructed 2D carbon allotropes could show contrasting dynamical and magnetic properties. These findings provide a theoretical basis for designing two-dimensional carbon materials and carbon-based nanoelectronic devices.