Reading Elizabeth Bishop＇s Brazil-related Travel Poems in the Light of Colonialism, Post-colonialism and Internal Colonialism
- 外文学院－已发表论文 
毕晓普客居巴西期间创作的旅行主题诗歌预见了20世纪后期才逐渐明晰的审视旅行的多元视角。本文立足于巴西社会历史，运用殖民主义、后殖民主义与内部殖民主义的理论观点，细读这些作品如何通过对于地理与宗教扩张以及日常生活经验的频繁指涉，批判了欧洲殖民者、美国新殖民者及巴西上层社会对巴西中下阶层的剥削，同时也对巴西中下层民众安于现状、无意间与殖民者和上层社会合谋加以同情的批判。毕晓普的名篇《克鲁索在英格兰》以对笛福《鲁宾逊漂流记》的反讽，折射出疏离殖民主义、趋近后殖民主义的姿态。During her stay in Brazil, Elizabeth Bishop wrote some travel poems addressing issues which loomed large only in the late twentieth century. Based on Brazilian social history and in the light of colonialism, post-colonialism and internal colonialism, this article conducts a close reading of these poems, and maintains that by referring to geographical and religious expansion as well as mundane experience, the poems critique the European colonizers, American neo-colonizers and the Brazilian upper classes, and also provide sympathetic criticism towards the lower classes for their yielding to reality and unconscious conspiracy with the colonizers and Brazilian upper classes. Parodying Daniel Defoe＇s Robinson Crusoe, ＂Crusoe in England＂ conveys a detachment from colonialism and association with post-colonialism.