On the Art of Memory in the Pattern of ＂Deja Vu＂
- 外文学院－已发表论文 
“记忆的艺术”是莫迪亚诺文学叙事的重要特色之一。围绕这一特征,借助文学视域下的“既视”叙事理论,以其“占领三部曲”,即《星形广场》、《夜巡》、《环城大道》为研究对象,来有所侧重地探讨“偏执狂既视”、“两难者既视”、“边缘人既视”这样的多重性框架下的“记忆的艺术”,即尝试构建一个新的批评视角,来探析其文学创作中的“既视”式的记忆艺术,从而揭示其以此方式召唤最不可把握的人类命运,揭露占领时期的犹太人乃至整个人类的生存的思想主题。＂The art of memory＂ is one of the most important features in Modiano＇s literary narratives. Under the perspective of the ＂deja vu＂ narrative theory, Modiano＇s Occupation Trilogy-La Place de l＇ Etoile, Night Rounds and Ring Roads - can be seen as a typical demonstration of the art of memory within the multiple framework of three types of deja vu： that of the paranoid, the dilemmatic, and the marginalized. In discussing these three types of deja vu, this paper attempts to construct a new critical approach to the art of memory in the pattern of ＂deja vu＂ presented in the Trilogy, and as a result to reveal how with this art Modiano evokes ＂the most ungraspable human destinies＂ and uncovers the theme of the existence of the Jewish people during the occupation as well as the existence of the whole human beings.