The Relationship between the Dutch East India Company and Fujian Maritime Businessmen in 1630s -Taking the ＂Bendiocq Event＂ as an Example
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1636年，福建海商Bendiocq名下一艘商船遭荷兰东印度公司劫掠。愤而上告明朝当局，要求荷方赔偿损失，这便是“Bendiocq事件”。这一事件的发生，与17世纪30年代荷兰东印度公司处理与福建海商关系的方针策略有着密不可分的联系．即荷方打算在维持双方贸易关系的同时，坚持采用劫掠等手段对福建海商的其它海外贸易活动进行阻挠。以树立荷方在亚洲的商业霸权。而“Bendiocq事件”最终在东印度公司与其他福建海商的联合公关下顺利平患．也证明了这一看似矛盾的方针在当时特殊的时代环境下，依然有其成功实施的基础。In 1636, the Fujian maritime businessman Bendiocq accused the Dutch East India Company of looting his merchant ship, asking the Ming Dynasty authority to help him with the compensation for the loss, which was known as the ＂Bendiocq event＂. The event was closely related to the strategy of the Dutch East India Company to handle the relation- ship with Fujian maritime businessmen in 1630s, i.e. looting Fujian maritime merchant ship, in order to maintain Dutch＇s commercial hegemony in Asia while maintaining the mutual trade. It was finally resolved through the negotiation between the Dutch East India Company and other Fujian maritime merchants. The solution demonstrated that this seemingly con- tradictcry policy had the basis for its successful implementation in the special circumstance.