Writing and Revising of the Manuscript of Lun Yu Ji Zhu by Zhu Xi
朱熹《论语集注》的成书建立在《语孟精义》及更早的《论语要义》基础之上，而后者无论内容还是主旨都受其外兄丘义所编纂的《论语集训》影响颇大。束景南认为《四书集注》的首次合刻始于淳熙九年朱熹在浙东提举任上，并谓之“宝婺刻本”，且认为詹仪之在德庆印刻的《四书集注》为翻刻宝婺本。但所谓的宝婺本《四书集注》实际上并不存在，而詹仪之所刊既非翻刻宝婺本，亦非《四书集注》合刊，其中《论语集注》则是初次刊行，且并非朱熹之本意。此后，朱熹仍在对此书反复修改。存世的《论语集注》手稿残卷中涂抹处甚多，通过对相关涂抹文字的识别，可以窥见前后修改本内容差异及修改意图。The writing process of Lun Yu Yao Yi was highly similar to Lun Yu Zuan Xun by Qiu Yi, Zhu Xi＇s elder brother, whose book clearly influenced the former in both the content and the subject. Shu Jingnan argues that Si Shu Ji Zhu was printed in its entirety for the first time in 1182 AD, when Zhu Xi was an official in Zhedong. Shu Jingnan calls this edition ＂Bao Wu Ke Ben＂ and regards it as the original edition of Si Shu Ji Zhu published by Zhan Yizhi. This article will refute Shu Jingnan＇s conclusions, as the so-called ＂Bao Wu Ke Ben＂ does not exist and Zhan Yizhi didn＇t actually republish Si Shu Ji Zhu. After the publication of Lun Yu Ji Zhu, Zhu Xi was still revising this book. Many words had been crossed out in the manuscript by ZhuXi, but we can still recognize the blurred handwriting, which will help us understand the revision and why Zhu Xi did it.