Racial Confrontation and Reconciliation Between North and South：The Making of the Civil War Memory and Its Public Opinion Orientation（1896—1915）
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
经过1878年的政治救赎和新南方建设,美国南北民族矛盾虽有缓和,但内战造成的心理创伤远未愈合。借助大众媒体的宣传与美西战争的共同经历,南北老兵基本实现了记忆和解。随后,美国白人又利用1913年的南北老兵重聚活动、文学与电影艺术等形式来强化种族化的内战记忆。一方面,这种记忆圣化了白人士兵的英勇战斗与男子气概;另一方面,利用美国内战意义的去政治化,这种记忆也暂时抹去了非裔美国人在内战中的历史地位,使其成为美国社会的＂他者＂,并为20世纪初全美推行种族隔离政策奠定了基础。After the political redemption of 1878 and the Southern Reconstruction, the contradiction between South and North was alleviated, but a psychological trauma caused by the civil war was far from being healed. With mass media propaganda and the shared experience in the Spanish-American war, the reconciliation was realized in the memories of veterans. Then, the White race utilized many forms of activities,including veteran reunions, literature and films, to construct a racialized civil war memory. On the one hand,this kind of memory consecrated the white soldiers’ bravery and manhood. On the other hand, by depoliticizing the Civil War, this memory helped expunge African American＇s roles in that war, turning them into＂strangers＂ in American society, which laid a foundation for racial segregation in early 20 th century.