Stylistic Feature,Applied Function and Cultural Value of Zhang-Ci of the Ming Dynasty
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
明代中期以后的帐词,是一种应用广泛的文体。这种文体由词题、四六文、词作、词调构成,其中四六文的确切指称应是致语,与宋代以来盛行的致语文体特征一致。帐词中的致语主铺陈事迹,词作是对致语不避重复的诗意补充。今存帐词题材主要有升官、获奖、建功、入觐、祝寿等。帐词的盛行与明初礼法并重的政策有关,又与帐词本身特别适合称颂的文体优势有关。帐词处于文学的边缘,文学价值不高,但它是祝颂文化盛行后的产品,其文化价值则较高,主要体现在三个方面：祝颂心理的期待与满足、君子赠人以言的衡量尺度、风俗醇厚的推扬与激励。As a literary form,Zhang-Ci is widely used. It comprises topic,siliu prose,ci-poetry and melody and prevailed in the middle and later periods of the Ming Dynasty. The standard name of siliu prose is Zhiyu; it possesses the same stylistic feature of Zhiyu which has been prevalent since the Song Dynasty. The function of Zhiyu is to elaborate on the story in Zhang-Ci,and the ci-poetry is a poetic supplement for the Zhiyu; they can have some repetition in a certain extent.Getting promotions,winning prizes,making contributions,having an audience with the emperor,and offering birthday congratulations are the themes of Zhang-Ci which are in existence today. The prevalence of Zhang-Ci is related to the policy of equivalent importance of law and ceremony at the beginning of the Ming Dynasty; it is also related to the style superiority of suitability for eulogy. Hanging on the margins of literature,Zhang-Ci does no have much literary value. However,it was a product after the Greeting Culture became prevalent,so we can＇t ignore its cultural value,which is mainly embodied in three aspects： expectation and satisfaction of greeting mentality,the yardstick of ‘all a gentleman can give you is his words＇,development and motivation of unsophisticated customs.