A New Study of the Compiling Process and Value Orientation of Jinsilu
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
《近思录》由朱熹与吕祖谦一起选取北宋周敦颐、张载、程颢、程颐等四名学者的言论编纂而成,由于它在中国理学史的特殊地位,一直都是学界的研究热点之一。关于《近思录》的成书过程、内容取材、价值取向等问题,前辈学者有不同的意见。陈荣捷、束景南、杜海军等人的研究存在一些错误观点,在淳熙二年五月五日朱熹作序之时,《近思录》实际上只存在所圈定好的条目,还没有抄撮成书,而其初稿要到同年八月份才完成,此后几年中还一直在继续修改。后世学者"没祖谦之名,但称朱子《近思录》",是与朱熹的再传弟子叶采的刻意所为分不开的。此外,《近思录》中朱熹、吕祖谦各自的取材内容与价值取向有所不同,书中三条涉及举业的条目是朱熹应张栻要求所添加,与吕祖谦无关。Jinsilu was jointly compiled by Zhu Xi and Lv Zuqian during the Song Dynasty with the remarks of Zhou Dunyi,Zhang Zai,Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi. Due to its very important position in the history of Chinese Confucianism,Jinsilu always attracts intense scholarly attention. There were different theories about the book's compiling process,contents and value orientation among previous scholars. This paper rectifies some of the erroneous viewpoints of Chen Rongjie,ShuJiongnan and Du Haijun,and proves that Jinsilu was completed in August rather than May,1175. Many later scholars neglected the name of Lv Zuqian because of the deliberate action of Ye Cai,a disciple's disciple of Zhu Xi. Furthermore,this paper also analyzes the respective contributions of Zhu Xi and Lv Zuqian. Besides,Lv Zuqian had nothing to do with the three paragraphs on imperial examinations,which were actually added as requested by Zhang Shi.