Preliminary Study on the Gable-Lidded Wooden Coffins in Southeastern China
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
中国东南地区的"人"字顶木构葬具主要见于两周秦汉时期的大、中型土墩墓和大型竖穴土坑墓内。通过对这类葬具进行类型学分析,可知其起源与宁镇地区土墩墓中类似形态的墓下建筑遗存有关,而后由宁镇地区向环太湖、杭州湾及其以南地区传播,直到珠江三角洲地区。葬具结构从早期主要使用基槽配合柱洞构建,演变为使用石构基础构建,再到全部使用枋木构建。"人"字顶木构葬具是带有等级特征的越族葬具形制,其社会学含义应为房屋,与精英阶层"事死如事生"的丧葬观念有关。The gable-lidded wooden coffins appeared in the large and medium sized mound tombs and large earthen shaft pit tombs in Southeastern China during the Zhou, Qin and Han dynasties. A typological analysis shows that this coffin type was originated from Ningzhen area where similar architectural remains were found in the earthen mound tombs. It then spread from Ningzhen to the Taihu Lake areasand the Hang- zhou Bay and itssouthward areas until reaching the Pearl River Delta region. The coffin structureevolved from using slots and column holes, to stone foundation, then to tenon-and-mortise. Gable-lidded wooden coffins belonged to the Yue people representinghierarchical connotations. They were sociologically identi- fied as houses reflecting the nobles＇ belief inafterlife.