FROM FISHING COMMUNITY TO MARITIME RIGHTS:REVIEW OF THE OVERSEAS MARITIME ANTHROPOLOGY IN RECENT 30 YEARS
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
海洋人类学对渔业社区的生计方式、社会组织结构等问题有着传统的学科关照。然而,在全球化脉络和现代化进程之下,海洋生态、海洋社会以及人海关系被置于巨大的社会变迁中,并呈现出愈加复杂的趋向。通过系统梳理西方海洋人类学的研究成果,本文认为海洋人类学研究正在发生从"渔业社区"到以产权和管辖权为核心的"海权问题"的话题转向。Issues of mode of livelihood and social organization are traditional subject matters of maritime anthropology. However, the oceanic ecology, society and man-ocean relations are placed in the grand social change and show increasingly complex tendency in the context of globalization and process of modernization. Through reviewing systematically the research achievements of Western mar-itime anthropology, this paper holdsthat a shift subject of talk from the "fishing community" to the"maritime rights" centered with rights of production and management is taking place in maritime anthropology. The understanding of this shift will not only be helpful to grasp the future direction of research of the discipline, which makes contribution to Chinese maritime anthropology, but it also bring with enormous and far-reaching influences to the understanding of traditional Chinese maritime civilization and the inheritance of maritime culture, to the construction of Chinese maritime discourse and to promote the implementation of "the Belt and Road" strategy and the realization of dream of a powerful maritime country.