Theoretical Analysis and Experiment on Flow Allocation Characteristics of Dual Discharging Axial Piston Pump
通过改变缸体结构、柱塞数、端盖油路、配流盘形状等,设计了双排油内外环并联配流结构的轴向柱塞泵,实现了单柱塞泵两路高压供油。针对单环柱塞数减少,腔; 内压力冲击增大,脉动变大等问题,对配流结构进行重新设计。在排油腰形槽和吸油腰形槽过渡区取消卸荷槽,利用加大配错角,在排油完毕未接通吸油时,腔内封; 闭体积增大,未排尽的高压油液压力降低;在吸油腰形槽和排油腰形槽过渡区,排油卸荷槽利用阶梯变化通流面积代替原连续变化的通流面积,削弱了卸荷槽几何形; 状要求。重新设计后的双排油配流结构,以45mL轴向柱塞泵结构为参考,对配流结构进行了理论分析,建立了双排油轴向柱塞泵仿真模型。以单柱塞腔内压力; 冲击、输出流量进行分析研究,得外环压力冲击小,与传统配流结构相比较双排油输出口压力脉动变化率变小,并试制双排油轴向柱塞泵。对试制泵进行压力脉动测; 试、容积效率测试和噪声测试,结果表明,与45mL轴向柱塞泵进行对比,压力脉动降低了约30%,噪声也降低,容积效率不低于0.92。该双排油轴向柱; 塞泵可以代替双联泵,使系统结构简化,能耗降低。When providing two-way independent high-pressure high-flow oil sources,; hydraulic system generally adopts two separate piston pumps or coaxial; ones in series, causing complex structure and high cost. Therefore,; single piston pump was proposed to achieve two-way high-pressure oil; supply. Axial piston pump was designed with dual discharging inter-outer; ring parallel allocation structure by changing cylinder structure,; piston number, cap circuit and valve plate shape. Flow allocation; structure was redesigned due to decreased single ring piston number,; increased pressure shock and fluctuation in the chamber. Relief notch; was cancelled in transition region from oil-discharging to oil-absorbing; waist slots. After that, mismatch angle was increased to enlarge closed; volume in chamber and reduce the pressure of unexhausted high-pressure; oil in the interval between oil extraction and absorption. In transition; region from oil-absorbing to oil-discharging waist slots, stepped flow; area was used to replace original continuous flow area to weaken; geometry requirements of relief notch. The optimized dual discharging; flow allocation structure was conducted with theoretical analysis to; establish dual discharging axial piston pump simulation model based on; 45mL axial piston pump structure. There was small pressure shock in; outer race by analyzing pressure shock and output flow in single piston; chamber. Compared with traditional flow allocation structure, dual; discharging oil output had smaller pressure fluctuation rate. Based on; this, the designed dual discharging axial piston pump was piloted. The; pilot dual discharging oil pump was compared with the original 45mL; pump through pressure fluctuation, volumetric efficiency and noise; tests. Result showed that the former had lower pressure fluctuation; (decreased by 30%) and noise level, while its volumetric efficiency was; not smaller than 92%. In general, the dual discharging axial piston pump; can replace duplex pump to simplify system structure and reduce energy; consumption. This new pump can also be used in closed circuit and; differential cylinder hydraulic systems to make the system simpler and; cost-effective.