A Study of Fujian Returned Overseas Chinese Associations of Republic of China
- 南研院－已发表论文 
论文分析了民国时期福建归侨团体的发展及其原因、其会员特点及组织结构;探讨了国民党对归侨团体的渗透与控制以及归侨团体的日常活动,以期较为全面地认识民国时期福建归侨团体的历史面貌。民国肇建,福建归侨团体方兴未艾;至20世纪三四十年代,社团所需各项条件更为成熟,形成了归侨团体发展的高峰。其会员以归国侨商最多,并以联络海内外侨胞为宗旨展开活动。政府在社会区域治理过程中,需要借助归侨团体作为＂中间人＂,在华侨、归侨侨眷与侨乡政府之间搭建沟通桥梁。但由于内在结构松散和国民党党部的控制,归侨团体在协助处理涉侨事务中处于附属地位,其功能与角色难以充分发挥。This paper analyzes the reasons for the development of returned overseas Chinese associations in Fujian during the Republic of China and its members＇ characteristics and organizational structure. It further explores the Kuomintang＇s penetration, the control of the associations, and its daily activities in order to comprehensively understand the historical appearance of the returned overseas Chinese associations in Fujian during the Republic of China. In the early years of the Republic of China, the numbers of the returned overseas Chinese associations in Fujian province were rising. In 1930s-1940s, the foundation of associations reached its peak when conditions were mature. The largest number of members in the associations were overseas Chinese businessmen and its purpose was to contact overseas Chinese at home and abroad. In the process of social regional governance, the government uses the returned overseas Chinese associations as the ＂middle man＂ to build communication bridge among overseas Chinese, returned overseas Chinese and their spouses and the Qiaoxiang government. However, due to the loose internal structure and the Kuomintang party＇s control, the returned overseas Chinese associations are in a subsidiary position in dealing with related overseas Chinese affairs for the returned overseas Chinese and their functions and roles cannot be fully achieved and performed.